Your Scalp Type and How to Properly Care for it
Great looking hair starts at the foundation, or more accurately, at the roots. Caring for your scalp not only helps fight and control embarrassing problems like dandruff, but it also boosts the health and overall appearance of your hair.
Taking care of your scalp and roots means any new hairstyle you want to try as part of your signature look will look even better. So what better way to care for your full of head of hair than by knowing what type of scalp you have and what care treatment is best for it.
Much like your face and skin, when the scalp doesn't get enough moisture, it becomes dry. Your hair looks dull and lifeless, and is prone to breakage. Itchiness, flakes, and a rough texture are problems we know too well. The flakes are white and powdery, but these are different from dandruff.
What You Need: A gentle hair care routine is the best way to deal with your dry scalp problem. Look for a shampoo that is hydrating, moisturizing, or smoothening. Lay off the fortifying shampoos for a while or those that contain sulfates, which draw away moisture.
Your shampoo might have ingredients that can be drying, so you might want to lather up every other day or so. Sulfates, isopropyl alcohol, and propylene glycol are some of the biggest offenders when it comes to dry hair. Tea tree oil, nut and seed oils, glycerin, and menthol, meanwhile, are the good guys in curbing flakiness and moisturizing your dry scalp.
Overactive sebaceous glands (the skin glands that lubricate hair follicles) can produce too much sebum, the oil secreted by the pores onto the scalp and skin. This oil keeps skin and hair from becoming too dry and protects the skin against the drying effects of water and wind.
Too much sebum gives your hair that limp look as if it's been dipped in cooking oil. The hair tends to appear greasy within a few hours after a wash, with strands sticking together and large, waxy flakes showing up. This extra greasiness is often due to a slight hormone imbalance, either caused by puberty or too much stress.
What You Need: Steer clear of products that bring more moisture to your already oily scalp and hair. Instead, use a clarifying, balancing, or strengthening shampoo to reduce the oil buildup. Make sure to spend a few minutes massaging the shampoo into the scalp to really get it in there. If you still want to use a conditioner, use it only from the middle to the tip of the hair, not on the scalp as this only worsens the grease problem.
Daily washing is best for the bros with oily skin. Do keep an eye out on any adverse changes, though, such as the hair and scalp drying out too much.
Oily and Dry Scalp
When you just can't seem to get a break, your scalp may be too oily, but the ends of your hair are dry. The scalp gets greasy and the roots of the hair limp easily, while the ends won't cooperate as these stay dry and rough.
What You Need: Use the best of both worlds and use a combination of shampoo and conditioner. Use a shampoo designed for oily scalp to treat the roots, and apply a nourishing conditioner for the rough ends. Just make sure to get the shampoo into the scalp and not the rest of the hair, and keep the conditioner on the hair ends.
Normal, Healthy Scalp
When you have all the luck in the world, you hair is perfect-perfectly healthy, smooth, and obeys every comb-mand. Your hair may get a little oily in the summer or dry (or wet) during the monsoon season, but otherwise, you don't really have much scalp problems to complain about. Hair and styling products don't even have that much of a negative effect on the scalp.
You can style the hair almost any way you want, and it's still pretty easy to manage even after a day or two without washing. This is all thanks to a healthy diet and lifestyle, and maybe even good genes.
What You Need: Keep doing what you do, with a few tweaks. That is, keep with your healthy diet and lifestyle. When the seasons change, your shampoo should, too. It's also best to use mild shampoos and conditioners to keep your man mane low-maintenance.
We may splurge on things like special shampoos, conditioners, gels, and wax, but most of these products are temporary fixes. The best approach to getting great-looking is to address the root of the problem, and we mean that literally.
If you want your hair to behave and always look good, treat it right. Start by knowing what type of scalp you have and how to take care of it properly. Only then will you understand why your 'do is not doing what you want it to do.